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文章標題:蘇紹連散文詩中的戲劇張力        顏艾琳的IP位置:163.28.33.227
蘇紹連散文詩中的戲劇張力

<七尺布>——收於《驚心散文詩》爾雅版;被選為高中教科書 三民版

母親只買回了七尺布,我悔恨得很,為什麼不敢自己去買。我說:「媽,七尺是不夠的,要八尺才夠做。」母親說:「以前做七尺都夠,難道你長高了嗎?」我一句話也不回答,使母親自覺地矮了下去。
母親仍按照舊尺碼在布上畫了一個我,然後用剪刀慢慢地剪,我慢慢地哭,啊!把我剪破,把我剪開,再用針線縫我,補我……使我成人。

作者簡介

蘇紹連,網路筆名「米羅.卡索」,台灣台中人。一九六八年創立「後浪詩社」(「詩人季刊主」)。一九七一年加入「龍族詩社」,一九九二年加入「台灣詩學季刊社」,一九九八年設「現代詩的島嶼」網站(http://residence.educities.edu.tw/purism),二○○○年設「Flash超文學」網站(http://residence.educities.edu.tw/poem)。曾獲中國時報詩首獎、聯合報詩首肘等,著有《茫茫集》、《河悲》、《童話遊行》、《驚心散文詩》、《雙胞胎月亮》、《隱形或者變形》、《穿過老樹林》、《我牽著一匹白馬》、《台灣鄉鎮小孩》等詩集。

詩評
在台灣提起散文詩,幾乎沒人會遺漏掉蘇紹連這個名字。散文詩由於出現的較晚,並且書寫體例跨越散文與新詩,在一些強調「技術定位」的議題上一直備受質疑,但每每支持者面對質詢而詞窮時,只要提出蘇紹連的散文詩作,也多能讓對方了解到此一體例的骨架與精神。
說蘇紹連是台灣現代詩壇一位劃時代的文字尖兵,是因為釵h詩人還在摸索新詩與散文的區別時,他已在一九九0年出版《驚心散文詩》,一整本都是令人驚艷不已的散文詩了。蕭蕭說蘇紹連這一系列的散文詩是「引起詩壇長期的矚目,推閉陘ㄔi仿學的曠古佳構。」這「不可仿學」的原創姿態,奠定了蘇紹連不凡的藝術身價。而他的<七尺布>,是被選入台灣中學教科書裡的第一首散文詩。
<七尺布>讓台灣實施「教改」之後的學生們,對現代詩的變體有了更新鮮的賞析經驗。此詩的句子看似簡單,但這種簡單的對白,卻以詩的誇張意象,一步步鋪承出戲劇的張力。「母親」在此詩中代表一種傳統、不肯承認現實的倫理權威,希望「我」活在「七尺布」的範圍內,不要脫離母親的懷抱;即使最後令「我」成人,其實卻不是現實裡已長高的「我」--仍舊是母親心中長不大的孩子。
在不足一百五十字的詩句裡,首先要解讀的是「我」對獨立自主的想望,與選擇母親溫柔而堅強的呵護;表現出人子欲走還留的矛盾心態。而「我」卻在母親強大母愛的制約下,不得不接受「母親仍按照舊尺碼在布上畫了一個我,」然後看母親固執地「用剪刀慢慢地剪,」而我「慢慢地哭,啊!把我剪破,把我剪開,再用針線縫我,」最後母親在縫製衣裳時也發現了布料的短缺,因此「補我……使我成人。」是雙方不得不面對的尷尬。這麼強烈的情緒轉變,篇幅卻用的如此短,蘇紹連的落筆巧妙,把「虛」的情感轉折,結合「實」的動作描述,利用散文詩的散文敘述特性、卻把詩的跳躍意象剪輯在內,可說是一句一驚心,讓讀者看的是峰迴路轉,張力十足了。
蘇紹連的《驚心散文詩》,有六十多篇作品,皆各有主題,各有各的戲劇效果,這種絕不自我重複的創作技巧,別人也很難模仿的創意,環視華文詩壇,還真是「不可仿學」的一種高度呢!



作者: 顏艾琳   時間:2004-06-09 00:00:00  來源:163.28.33.227

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